The concept

The circulare economy (also known as cradle-to-cradle (C2C) or closed loop), is a concept that embraces a biomimetic philosophy, where all waste is seen as nutrients for new products.

This concept is becoming reality across many industries and also looks to bridge industries in a collaborative working style to embrace total waste utilisation.

In the UK, work is being driven through WRAP and the Ellen MacArthur foundation. The Ellen MacArthur roadmap set outs their 'pioneering' stage within the next 5 years and a subsequent 'mainstreaming' phase to take them to 2025.

Further reading

Image credit: WRAP